Kouhrang Dam is located near Chelgerd County, within the Kuhrang County in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province. It is considered one of the sources of the Karun and Zayandeh Rud rivers.
Near this waterfall, there are various facilities for the convenience of visitors, such as accommodations for travelers, parking lots, restroom facilities, souvenir and handicraft shops, as well as picnic areas and more.
The upside-down tulip fields of this city have gained worldwide fame. The presence of the Zardkuh Mountain in this region has made Kuhrang one of the mountainous areas of the country. Zardkuh is the second highest peak in the Zagros range, and many rivers originate from it.
This waterfall, which is counted among the tourist attractions of Kuhrang, was formed by diverting water from the first tunnel of Kuhrang, which was constructed in 1332 for the purpose of transferring water from the Kuhrang Spring and other surrounding springs to Zayandeh Rud.
Koohrang (also known as Kouhrang and Kurang) is the name of a river, originating in the Zagros mountains of western Iran, which joins the Beheštābād river ( WikiMiniAtlas32°00′44″N 50°36′37″E) to form the Karun, Iran’s largest (by volume) river. A series of tunnels (Kuhrang Tunnels) have been built since the 1950s to redirect some of the Kuhrang’s water toward the Zayandeh River to meet the demands of increased population in Esfahan and Yazd provinces.
The Zayandeh River basin encompasses about 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi) and is connected to the upper Karun River basin (which drains to the Persian Gulf) by the Kuhrang Dam and Tunnel 1 (32°26′10.94″N 50°06′04.50″E) constructed in 1953 although first proposed in the early sixteenth century. Two additional tunnels (Kurang 2 and Kurang 3) were constructed in late 1990s and early 2000s. A hydroelectric dam at Godar-e Langar (also known as Karun-4) would also supply piped water to Esfahan 300 kilometres (190 mi) away if it is completed (Whitley and Gallagher, 1995). Dams have deleterious effects on a riverine fish and other fauna and are often stocked with exotic species. The upper Karun has not been well explored for endemic taxa. Mean annual flow of the Zayandeh River is estimated at 1.2 to 1.45 cubic kilometres (970,000 to 1,180,000 acre⋅ft) and is used mostly for agriculture, but an increase in population and industry has necessitated dam construction (Chadegan Reservoir, capacity 1.45 cubic kilometres (0.35 cu mi)) and diversion schemes. There is also the Hana Dam on the Hana River at Semirom with a height of 35 metres (115 ft) and a capacity of 45 million cubic metres (1.6×109 cu ft)
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