The oldest written documents showing shiraz background and its construction date are related to clay tablets of Persepolis representing the words ‘Shi Razi Ish’.
Researchers believe that the construction of Shiraz was in the Achaemenid era as a construction workshop for Persepolis. Shiraz was the capital of Iran in the past and four periods ( Deilamian, Atabakan, al‑Alinjo, Almozaffar, Zand era). Shiraz city an area of 1,264 kilometers and a rectangular shape is located in southwestern Iran. Shiraz city neighbors are Marvdasht and Sepidan in the north, Servestan and Kharameh in the east, Kavar, and Firoozabad in the south, and Kazeroon in the west. Shiraz on four sides is surrounded by the mountain that is added to the beauty of this historic plain and moderate climate.
This Citadel has been the center of the Karim Khan Zand dynasty and was also the home of. This building has been built with an infrastructure of 4,000Square meters and land, and an extent of 12,800 square meters.
Brick walls of this building are 12 meters high and in all four corners of the Citadel, exists a tower with a height of about 15 meters. On the body of the walls and towers could be seen simple and beautiful brick paintings, on the entrance of the Citadel, the battlefield of killing a spook by Rostam has been stamped with seven colors tiling. The beautiful tiling was added to the Citadel in the Qazar period. a vestibule makes up the entrance of the Citadel which enters the backyard from one hand and to an inner courtyard from one hand and an inner courtyard on the other hand. The Citadel has a northern alcove (winter staying), a southern one (summer staying), and the western building has four seasons during the whole year. unlike the exterior surface of the citadel, the interior side has a beautiful view.
within the Rooms has been decorated with continental figures such as flowers, bergamot, and birds. after the collapse of the Zand dynasty and the rise of the Qajar dynasty, the citadel became a place for governors and rulers and until the early period of the Pahlavi era was used as a prison. Part of the decoration of this citadel has been transferred to Tehran in the Qajar dynasty. This monument was registered as a national work in 1973 AD.
Vakil Mosque was built by the order Karim Khan in the year 1187 A.H. mosque building with an area of about 11.000 square meters consists of a grand entrance, courtyard, north and south arches, east and south Shabestan, east and west porticos, and a small yard. Shabestan of Vakil Mosque has beautiful ceramics, carved pillars, and an integrated fourteen‑step marble pulpit which are of Zand Period masterpieces. this pulpit is the sign of fourteen innocent Imams having fourteen stone steps and then its stone has been brought from Maragheh to Shiraz. north arch of Vakkil Mosque is known as “pearl arch”. it is 12 meters wide and 20 meters long. On top of this arch, there are two beautiful tiled minarets.
It has 840 square metres of underpinning and 4635 square metres of garden area, and it is built on two floors. This building is in the old central region of Shiraz, known as Anvari. This mansion was registered as a national building in 2000 with registration number 2781. Shapouri mansion was designed by Abolghasem Mohandesi and built between 1930 and 1935; the owner was Abdolsaheb Shapuori, a wealthy Iranian merchant. This building is unique and very innovative. During the years of 1990 to 2000, Shapouri’s family was living here but after years, the house became vacant. Shapouri House is so specific and distinguished from other historical buildings of the region at that time. It is built in the style of Qajar architecture and is one of the first buildings whose architecture has a free approach.
In Iranian architecture, having a balcony in the building has not been very common, but it has a balcony with 14 pillars that it’s an innovation in Iranian architecture at the time. Also in the design of Shapoori mansion, a staircase has been used which is not seen in any of the buildings of that period. In general, the plan of the mansion was very special and unique in its period.
Upon entering, a big Iranian pool, colorful balcony, wall paintings at top of the stairs, the mirror work, hand painted walls, stucco and traditional decorations comes across, which together create a breathtaking scene. Some of the invaluable features of Shapouri House are the western (major) façade decorations, circular and designed gypsums columns, tilings with achaemenids designs on the upper porch. The trees which planted in this mansion include cedar, maple, sycamore, fig, pomegranate, orange, date and geranium and rose flowers.
This 100‑year‑old monument is so beautiful that it creates a lot of excitement and energy for every viewer. From the beginning of entering the garden, involuntary your eyes involved in the abundant and busy decorations of the facade of the mansion. It is as if you have entered a world of shapes and colors. The monument was registered.
He was known in Arabic sources was recorded as “Abniakoyeh” at the end of his life lived on a hillside to retreat near Shiraz, known as Babakouhi to all people, Abniakoyeh was a disciple of Sheikh Abu Abdullah ibn Khafif and become proficient in various fields, particularly in the Hadith narrating and familiarity with anecdotes and scholars.
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